Is alexithymia related to negative symptoms of schizophrenia? A preliminary longitudinal study

Orlando Todarello, Piero Porcelli, Francesco Grilletti, Antonello Bellomo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Alexithymic features are close to anhedonia, blunted affect, and alogia that are also characteristics of the negative symptoms of schizophrenia. This study aimed to evaluate whether alexithymia is associated with negative symptoms and is related to the change of schizophrenic symptoms over time. Sampling and Methods: A consecutive sample of 29 schizophrenic outpatients was evaluated at baseline and at 3, 6, and 12 months during appropriate treatment. They completed the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, the Montgomery and Asberg Depression Rating Scale, the Global Assessment of Functioning Scale, and the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale at any time points. Results: The psychiatric scale scores showed significant symptom improvement over time but were unrelated to the alexithymia score that was instead stable over time. Hierarchical regression showed that the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale at baseline was the sole predictor of alexithymia at 12 months, after controlling for psychopathology and psychological functioning. Conclusions: Alexithymia was unrelated to negative symptoms, suggesting it is an independent and separate construct from schizophrenia. As expected, the negative symptoms were associated instead with illness-related aspects of depression and psychosocial functioning. Caution should be expressed in generalization mainly because this study is limited by the small sample size.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)310-314
Number of pages5
JournalPsychopathology
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2005

Keywords

  • Alexithymia
  • Depression
  • Negative syndrome
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Is alexithymia related to negative symptoms of schizophrenia? A preliminary longitudinal study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this