Is routine hepaticojejunostomy at the time of unplanned surgical bypass required in the era of self-expanding metal stents?

Roberta Angelico, Shakeeb Khan, Bobby Dasari, Ravi Marudanayagam, Robert P. Sutcliffe, Paolo Muiesan, John Isaac, Darius Mirza, Keith J. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Hepaticojejunostomy is routinely performed in patients when inoperable disease is found at planned pancreatoduodenectomy; however, in the presence of self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) hepaticojejunostomy may not be required. The aim of this study was to assess biliary complications and outcomes in patients with unresectable disease at time of planned pancreaticoduodenectomy stratified by the management of the biliary tract. Material and methods Retrospective analysis of patients undergoing surgery in January 2010–December 2015. Complications were measured using the Clavien–Dindo scale. Results Of 149 patients, 111 (75%) received gastrojejunostomy and hepaticojejunostomy (double bypass group) and 38 (26%) received a single bypass in the presence of SEMS (single bypass group). Post-operative non-biliary [7 (18%) vs 43 (38%), (p = 0.028)] and biliary [0% vs 12 (11%), (p = 0.037)] complications were lower in the single bypass group. Hospital readmissions were significantly higher in the double bypass group (p = 0.021). Overall survival and the time to start chemotherapy were equivalent (p = n.s.). Conclusions Complications are more common following double bypass compared to single bypass with SEMS suggesting that gastric bypass is adequate surgical palliation in presence of SEMS. This study adds further evidence that preoperative SEMS should be used in preference to plastic stents for suspected periampullary malignancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-370
Number of pages6
JournalHPB
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Angelico, R., Khan, S., Dasari, B., Marudanayagam, R., Sutcliffe, R. P., Muiesan, P., Isaac, J., Mirza, D., & Roberts, K. J. (2017). Is routine hepaticojejunostomy at the time of unplanned surgical bypass required in the era of self-expanding metal stents? HPB, 19(4), 365-370. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hpb.2016.12.009