Is the achievement of 85% of age-predicted heart ratemax at exercise test sufficient to make diagnosis of myocardial ischemia in athletes?

A. Bosio, M. Borchini, C. Pecci, B. Donatucci, M. Montano, F. Iellamo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Exercise test (ET) is a validated tool for the identification of coronary artery disease (CAD) even among athletes. a “cut-off” of 85% Hrmax is often chosen as an “end point” although it has been shown that this percentage is far from a maximal effort and might be insufficient to evaluate athletes who often reach HRs close to 100% of the theoretical Hrmax during sport activity. The aim of this study was to identify the percentage of theoretical Hrmax (% Hrmax) at which ST segment depression due to a coronary insufficiency on ECG at ET became significant and how much this value would be different from the “cut-off” of 85% of the theoretical Hrmax. MeTHodS: Forty-two male competitive athletes of three different sport disciplines (58±7.9 years) tested positive during eT at Hrmax greater than 85% with ST depression ≥2 mm from V1 to V6 and / or ≥1 mm from D1 to aVf at J point + 80 ms, were included. eCg traces recorded at 85% of Hrmax, were compared with those recorded at the percentage of Hrmax corresponding to the significant ST depression (%HRmaxST). reSUlTS: % Hrmax at which the ST depression become significant was 93.4±3.4% with a Δ% of + 8.4% compared to 85%. ST segment depression at peak exercise on precordial leads was significantly different from that at 85% HRmax (P<0.0001). TC coronary scan confirmed CAD. CoNClUSioNS: The cut off of 85% Hrmax is insufficient to identify signs of reduced coronary reserve in competitive athletes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-71
Number of pages5
JournalMinerva Cardioangiologica
Volume68
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

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