Prostate cancer that no longer responds to hormonal manipulation can be defined as hormone-refractory prostate cancer. Until recently, there has been no standard chemotherapeutic approach for hormone-refractory prostate cancer. The major benefits of chemotherapy in the treatment of the disease are palliative in nature, in terms of reduction of pain and use of analgesics and improvement of performance status, as followed in the most recent trials. Phase III studies are necessary to better evaluate the efficacy of the different regimens, because several old studies suffer for methodological deficits. There is a promising activity of new drug combinations, such as vinca alkaloids and taxanes. Phase I and II trial are testing combinations of classic chemotherapeutic agents and biologic drugs, and the first results appear interesting. In this article, recent advances in the treatment of hormone-refractory prostate cancer using chemotherapeutic regimens are critically reviewed.
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2003|
- Hormone-refractory prostate cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research