Is tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 a new prognosticator for breast cancer? An analysis of 266 cases

Alessandro Neri, Tiziana Megha, Francesca Bettarini, Damiana Tacchini, Maria Grazia Mastrogiulio, Daniele Marrelli, Enrico Pinto, Piero Tosi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Overexpression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 at either the messenger RNA or protein level has been related to a poorer prognosis in breast cancer. We investigated the role of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 tissue expression, which was evaluated by immunohistochemistry staining of paraffin-embedded samples, as a possible prognostic indicator in breast cancer. The study included 266 patients treated by primary surgery. Tumors were scored tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 positive when at least 10% of the cells showed moderate or strong staining. Staining was observed in 76 (28.6%) patients; by multivariate analysis, factors independently associated with tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 positivity included more than 9 metastatic axillary nodes, high Mib-1 expression, and positivity for plasminogen activator inhibitor and CD44. With a median follow-up of 125 months, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 expression showed a significant prognostic role in disease-free and overall survival by univariate analysis. Multivariate analysis confirmed an independent negative prognostic impact of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 on overall but not disease-free together with high values of Mib-1. The number of involved axillary nodes, and triple negativity were independent predictors of either poorer disease-free or overall survival. In our study, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 expression was significantly related to markers of tumor aggressiveness and was a powerful indicator of poorer prognosis, with a difference in 10-year disease-free and overall survival of 14% and 28%, respectively, between tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1- negative and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1-positive cases. Expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 also was an independent prognostic factor in node-positive cases, indicating a possible role of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 as a marker of reduced chemosensitivity. Thus, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 may have a role in clinical practice as a prognostic and predictive factor and a possible target for future therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1184-1191
Number of pages8
JournalHuman Pathology
Volume43
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • TIMP-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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