Is Transcranial Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Guided Focused Ultrasound a Repeatable Treatment Option? Case Report of a Retreated Patient with Tremor Combined with Parkinsonism

F. Valentino, G. Cosentino, R. Maugeri, R. Giammalva, G.D. Iacopino, M. Marrale, T.V. Bartolotta, C. Gagliardo

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INTRODUCTION: In recent years, transcranial Magnetic Resonance Imaging-guided Focused Ultrasound (tcMRgFUS) treatments for functional neurological disorders are giving a new thrust to the field of therapeutic brain lesioning. OBJECTIVE: To present the case of a patient affected by tremor combined with Parkinsonism who underwent a second tcMRgFUS thalamotomy because of relapsing tremor after a few months from the first tcMRgFUS treatment. METHODS: A 72-yr-old, right-handed man, came to our observation because of a disabling tremor affecting his upper limbs, refusing any invasive surgical procedure and already treated by tcMRgFUS left Vim thalamotomy. However, clinical benefit had brief duration, as a progressive recurrence of tremor on the right upper limb was observed after a few months from the first treatment. Thus, the patient underwent a new left-sided tcMRgFUS procedure 6 mo after the former treatment. RESULTS: After the second procedure, an immediate and complete relief from tremor on the right upper limb was achieved with clinical benefit that persisted up to a 6-mo follow-up. CONCLUSION: Since tcMRgFUS doesn't use ionizing radiations and it is incision-less, repeated and staged treatment procedures have always been hypothesized. Our report suggests that tcMRgFUS retreatment might actually be a feasible, safe, and effective option in selected patients in whom an optimal clinical outcome is not achieved after the first treatment session. However, future well-designed studies in large samples are needed to assess the possible risks of retreatment and the optimal timing of reintervention as well as eligibility and exclusion criteria.

Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)577-582
Number of pages6
JournalOperative Neurosurgery
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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