Islet transplantation under the kidney capsule corrects the defects in glycogen metabolism in both liver and muscle of streptozocin-diabetic rats

Margherita Matarazzo, Maria Grazia Giardina, Vincenzo Guardasole, Alberto M. Davalli, Edward S. Horton, Gordon C. Weir, Luigi Saccà, Raffaele Napoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Insulin-deficient rats are characterized by multiple defects in the pathway of glycogen synthesis and breakdown in both liver and skeletal muscle. The aim of this study was to clarify whether islet transplantation under the kidney capsule, which is associated with delivery of insulin into the peripheral circulation, is able to normalize glycogen metabolism in liver and muscle of streptozotocin-diabetic rats. Three groups of male Lewis rats were studied under fasting condition: controls, untreated diabetics, and islet transplanted diabetics. Glycogen content, glucose-6-phosphate concentration, and glycogen synthase activity were measured in both liver and skeletal muscle. Untreated diabetic rats were characterized by an increase in glycogen content of 178% and a reduction of glucose-6-phosphate level of 50%. Both glycogen and glucose-6-phosphate contents were restored to normal in transplanted diabetic rats. Active glycogen synthase (0.35 ± 0.1 nmol/min/mg) and activity ratio (0.22 ± 0.04) were significantly impaired compared with controls (0.99 ± 0.2 nmol/min/mg and 0.43 ± 0.06, respectively) and were normalized by islet transplantation. In the skeletal muscle, glycogen content was similar in the three groups of animals, whereas muscle glucose-6-phosphate level was reduced by 28% and glycogen synthase was in a less active state in the untreated diabetic rats. Both the glucose-6-phosphate concentration and the kinetic profile of glycogen synthase were normalized by islet transplantation. In conclusion, islet transplantation under the kidney capsule corrects the diabetes-induced abnormalities in glycogen and glucose-6-phosphate content and glycogen synthase activity in both liver and skeletal muscle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-112
Number of pages10
JournalCell Transplantation
Volume11
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Glucose-6-phosphate
  • Glycogen
  • Glycogen synthase
  • Islet transplantation
  • Liver
  • Muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Transplantation

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