Isoelectricfocusing and reverse blotting as a diagnostic tool in pediatric HIV infection

Valerio Del Bono, Roberto Biselli, Roberto Nisini, Lawrence D. Loomis-Price, Anna Loy, Carolina Lorusso, Dante Bassetti, Raffaele D'Amelio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Early diagnosis of perinatally acquired HIV-infection is based on either direct HIV detection - by means of viral culture and/or PCR - or anti-HIV antibody detection. However, due to the passive, transplacental passage of maternal immunoglobulin G, antibody detection is nor reliable until 15-18 months of age. In this regard, clonotypic analysis of specific antibodies performed by isoelectricfocusing and reverse blotting (IEF-RB) can be very helpful, as it recognizes possibly different patterns between mother and infant. Objectives: We used IEF-RB in order to analyze the kinetics of development of anti-HIV antibodies in infants born to seropositive mothers. Study design: Sera from ten mother/infant pairs (all mothers were HIV-infected) were retrospectively analyzed in order to detect different patterns, between mother and infant, in anti-gp120 V3-loop clonotype. Results: We diagnosed the real HIV status of the examined infants no later than month 6 and in one case as early as month 2. Conclusions: Considering the small size of sample number, these data are preliminary and should be confirmed by larger scale studies. However, they show IEF-RB, when applied to infants born to seropositive mothers, may be useful in evaluating the infants' dynamics of anti-HIV humoral immune response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-210
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Virology
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1998

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Keywords

  • HIV-antibodies
  • HIV-serodiagnosis
  • Isoelectricfocusing
  • Perinatal infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Virology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Del Bono, V., Biselli, R., Nisini, R., Loomis-Price, L. D., Loy, A., Lorusso, C., Bassetti, D., & D'Amelio, R. (1998). Isoelectricfocusing and reverse blotting as a diagnostic tool in pediatric HIV infection. Journal of Clinical Virology, 11(3), 203-210. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0928-0197(98)00050-6