By exposing Igrov-1 human ovarian cancer cells to increasing concentrations of Ecteinascidin-743 (ET-743), either for a short or prolonged time. we obtained sublines resistant to ET-743 which overexpress Pgp. The most resistant clone (Igrov-1/25 ET) was evaluated for biological and pharmacological characterizations. The increased Pgp levels of Igrov-1/25 ET were not due to amplification of the mdr-1 gene but to increased mRNA levels. No increase in other multidrug resistance-related proteins such as MRP or LRP was observed in Igrov-1/25 ET. The IC50 values of ET-743 against Igrov-1/25 ET was approximately 50 times higher than the parental cell line. Resistance was not reversed while maintaining the cell line in drug-free medium for at least 24 months. Igrov-1/25 ET was cross-resistant to Doxorubicin and VP16 while it was equally sensitive to L-PAM, MNNG, CPT and only marginally less sensitive to Cis-DDP and Oxaliplatin compared to the parental cell line. Igrov-1/25 ET exposed to Doxorubicin retained this drug much less, mainly because of a more efficient drug efflux. The cyclosporine analogue SDZ PSC-833 reversed the resistance of Igrov-1/25 ET to ET-743, without any enhancement of the drug activity against the parental Igrov-1 cell line. Igrov-1/25 ET exhibits typical features of cell lines overexpressing the mdr-l gene and can be a potentially useful tool in selecting ET-743 non-cross-resistant analogues as well as to investigate methods to counteract resistance to this drug. (C) 2000 Cancer Research Campaign.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||British Journal of Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
- Natural compound
- P-gp expression
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research