Background/Aim: Visceral adipose tissue plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome. Several investigations refer to the physiology of subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue of adult obese subjects, focusing on the characterization of adipose-derived stem cells and their differentiation capacity. To date, no study has been carried out on visceral adipose tissue of children, the main limitation being the amount of fat tissue available. The aim of this investigation was to establish a method to successfully isolate adipose progenitor cells from very small specimens of omental fat obtained from children undergoing abdominal surgery. Methods: A previously described procedure employed to extract adipose progenitors from large amounts of lipoaspirate was modified. 0.5-cm 3 specimens of omental fat were collected from 13 children and 2 newborns. Primary, secondary and higher passaged adipocytic progenitor cell cultures were established. Immunophenotyping of the generated lines was carried out by flow cytometry analysis. Differentiation experiments concerning the adipogenic phenotype were conducted. Results: A feasible method for isolating adipose progenitors from pediatric specimens of omental fat was established. Cells showed a fibroblast-like appearance consistent with that of mesenchymal stem cells obtained from bone marrow. The mesenchymal phenotype was confirmed by the surface antigenic profile of these cells. Cells also underwent adipogenic differentiation in vitro. Conclusion: The availability of progenitor primary cell lines from omental adipose tissue of children may allow future investigations aimed at unraveling whether fetal programming of adipogenesis is responsible for the pathogenesis of the metabolic syndrome that develops during adulthood in subjects, born with low birth weight, typically showing central fat redistribution.
- Adipose tissue
- Mesenchymal stem cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism