Isoniazid and rifampicin inhibit allosterically heme binding to albumin and peroxynitrite isomerization by heme-albumin

Paolo Ascenzi, Alessandro Bolli, Alessandra Di Masi, Grazia R. Tundo, Gabriella Fanali, Massimo Coletta, Mauro Fasano

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Human serum heme-albumin (HSA-heme) displays globin-like properties. Here, the allosteric inhibition of ferric heme [heme-Fe(III)] binding to human serum albumin (HSA) and of ferric HSA-heme [HSA-heme-Fe(III)]-mediated peroxynitrite isomerization by isoniazid and rifampicin is reported. Moreover, the allosteric inhibition of isoniazid and rifampicin binding to HSA by heme-Fe(III) has been investigated. Data were obtained at pH 7.2 and 20.0 °C. The affinity of isoniazid and rifampicin for HSA [K 0 = (3.9 ± 0.4) × 10-4 and (1.3 ± 0.1) × 10-5 M, respectively] decreases by about 1 order of magnitude upon heme-Fe(III) binding to HSA [K h = (4.3 ± 0.4) × 10-3 and (1.2 ± 0.1) × 10-4 M, respectively]. As expected, the heme-Fe(III) affinity for HSA [H 0 = (1.9 ± 0.2) × 10-8 M] decreases by about 1 order of magnitude in the presence of saturating amounts of isoniazid and rifampicin [H d = (2.1 ± 0.2) × 10 -7 M]. In the absence and presence of CO2, the values of the second-order rate constant (l on) for peroxynitrite isomerization by HSA-heme-Fe(III) are 4.1 × 105 and 4.3 × 10 5 M-1 s-1, respectively. Moreover, isoniazid and rifampicin inhibit dose-dependently peroxynitrite isomerization by HSA-heme-Fe(III) in the absence and presence of CO2. Accordingly, isoniazid and rifampicin impair in a dose-dependent fashion the HSA-heme-Fe(III)-based protection of free l-tyrosine against peroxynitrite-mediated nitration. This behavior has been ascribed to the pivotal role of Tyr150, a residue that either provides a polar environment in Sudlow's site I (i.e., the binding pocket of isoniazid and rifampicin) or protrudes into the heme-Fe(III) cleft, depending on ligand binding to Sudlow's site I or to the FA1 pocket, respectively. These results highlight the role of drugs in modulating heme-Fe(III) binding to HSA and HSA-heme-Fe(III) reactivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-108
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011



  • Allostery
  • Ferric human serum heme-albumin
  • Human serum albumin
  • Isoniazid
  • Rifampicin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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