The isoxazolo-[3,4-d]-pyridazin-7-(6H)-one (2) and its corresponding open derivatives 5-acetyl-4-amino-(4-nitro)-6-substituted-3(2H)pyridazinones (3, 4) were used as simplified substrates for the synthesis of new aldose reductase inhibitors with respect to the previously reported 5,6- dihydrobenzo[h]cinnolin-3(2H)one-2 acetic acids (1). Moreover, a few derivatives lacking the 5-acetyl group were prepared. Several compounds derived from 2 displayed inhibitory properties comparable to those of Sorbinil. In this class the presence at position 6 of a phenyl carrying an electron-withdrawing substituent proved to be beneficial, independently from its position on the ring (5g,j-l). Acetic acid derivatives were more effective than propionic and butyric analogues. On the contrary, all the monocyclic compounds (6-8) were either inactive or only weakly active. The 3- methyl-4-(p-chlorophenyl)isoxazolo-[3,4-d]-pyridazin-7-(6H)-one acetic acid (5g), which proved to be the most potent derivative, was also investigated in molecular modeling studies, to assess possible similarities in its interaction with the enzyme, with respect to the model 1.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry