BACKGROUND: The growing impact of the emergency neurology of trauma centers and of mechanical thrombectomy for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke is revolutionizing the domain of eurosciences.
METHODS: A census focused on the demographic distribution of the three main cohorts of neurosciences (neurologists, neuroradiologists, and neurosurgeons) was conducted in Italy between December 2015 and February 2017, and results were compared to the estimated retirement rates and loss for other reasons.
RESULTS: The total number of neurosciences specialists active in Italy was 4394 at the end of the period of the survey. The estimated retirement rates and losses seem not be supplied by the physicians in training in the same period.
CONCLUSIONS: A proper redistribution of the resources and the modification of the training programs seem to be mandatory to maintain acceptable standards of care for the Italian neurosciences during the next decade.