Objective: The 3E (Evidence, Expertise, Exchange) Initiative is a multinational effort of rheumatologists aimed at developing evidence-based recommendations addressing specific questions relevant to clinical practice. The objective of the Italian part of the 3E Initiative was to develop new recommendations designed to help italian rheumatologists in everyday clinical practice management of patients suffering from ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Methods: An international scientific committee selected a set of questions concerning the diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of AS using a Delphi procedure. Evidence-based answers to each question were sought by a systematic literature search in MedLine for papers published up to August 2006. A panel of 55 Italian rheumatologists with expertise in the field of AS used the evidence thus gathered to develop recommendations, filling gaps in evidence with their expert opinion. Results: After discussion and votes, the panel developed 12 statements/ recommendations: 3 concerning diagnosis (low back pain approach, early diagnosis, and GPs referral recommendations); 3 concerning monitoring (disease activity, severity, and prognosis), and 6 concerning treatment (bisphosphonates role; treatment of enthesitis; inter-agent safety/ efficacy, long-term safety/efficacy, efficacy on different disease manifestations, and the role on inflammatory bowel disease flare precipitation of NSAIDs/COX-II inhibitors). Conclusion: Italian recommendations for the management of AS in everyday practice were developed. Their dissemination and implementation in daily clinical practice should help to improve practice uniformity and eventually optimize the management of AS patients.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2008|
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Expert opinion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy