The SIGENP Group has created an Italian Liver Transplantation database. The study considers all patients under 18 yr of age on the waiting list or transplanted between 1984 and 2005. Demographic and clinical data were collected and a descriptive analysis was conducted. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were calculated and Cox's proportional-hazards regression analysis were performed to identify predictors of death after transplantation. Twenty-two Italian centers took part and data were collected on 622 cases: only 53.8% of the transplants performed up until 1998 were carried out in Italy, while this was true of 97.7% of the operations performed between 1999 and 2005. Recipient survival curve analysis revealed one-, two- and five-yr survival rates of 88, 87 and 84%, respectively, and a significant improvement in survival after 1998 (p = 0.0322). Cox's analysis identified the following risk factors for death after liver transplantation, i.e. transplantation before 1998, neoplasms or fulminant hepatic failure as indications, being in intensive care at the time of transplantation and retransplantation. The center where the transplant is performed also revealed an influence on patient survival. Thanks to a better patient follow-up and more cooperation between specialists, the mean survival after liver transplantation is improving and Italian children can be transplanted in Italy.
- Pediatric liver transplantation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health