Italian prescribing patterns in obsessive-compulsive disorder

Donatella Marazziti, Umberto Albert, Bernardo Dell'Osso, Antonio Tundo, Francesco Cuniberti, Giuseppe Maina, Ilenia Moroni, Beatrice Benatti, Federico Mucci, Gabriele Massimetti, Armando Piccinni, Vlasios Brakoulias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate psychopharmacological prescribing patterns in a large sample (n = 1815) of patients suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) recruited in 4 Italian centers specialized in OCD, in comparison to available national and international guidelines. The centers were asked to complete a specific data sheet questionnaire on patients' therapeutic status. Statistical analyses were carried out by SPSS. The results showed that almost all patients referred to the centers of Milan, Pisa and Rome received psychotropic medications, whereas only 59.9% (313) did so in Turin. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors were the most used drugs ranging between 49.0% and 71.5%. Clomipramine was prescribed more often in Rome and Pisa than in Milan and Turin. The same was true for other tricyclic antidepressants. Second-generation antipsychotics were more often prescribed in Pisa and in Milan. Mood stabilizers were almost exclusively used in Pisa. Taken together, the overall findings would suggest that, although the main Italian centers specialized in OCD follow available guidelines, a certain degree of variability does exist. This may depend on the different educational background, availability of other specific therapeutic strategies, as well as varying levels of severity and comorbidity of the patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2641
JournalHuman Psychopharmacology
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Psychopharmacological treatments
  • Specialized OCD centers
  • Treatment guidelines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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    Marazziti, D., Albert, U., Dell'Osso, B., Tundo, A., Cuniberti, F., Maina, G., Moroni, I., Benatti, B., Mucci, F., Massimetti, G., Piccinni, A., & Brakoulias, V. (2017). Italian prescribing patterns in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Human Psychopharmacology, 32(6), [e2641]. https://doi.org/10.1002/hup.2641