Italy and Argentina compared: An epidemiological study of occupational diseases

Simone De Sio, C. Goglia, A. Cristaudo, E. Pacella, F. Romanelli, V. Santilli, A. Vitarelli, D. Mandolesi, F. Balladore, H. Nieto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The research presented in this paper analyses the clinic-pathological manifestations and workrelated health risks identified among outpatients treated in the hospitals of Rome and Buenos Aires. Materials and methods: The occupational anamnestic data were collected between 2013 and 2014 through questionnaires with specific items aimed at detecting occupational diseases classified by target organ systems in outpatient clinics of cardiology, dermatology, physical medicine, ophthalmology, orthopedics, endocrinology (thyroid and gonads). An inferential statistical analysis was then carried out to evaluate the relationship between nationality, exposure to occupational risks and the prevalence and incidence of the selected pathologies. An univariate statistical analysis was performed for this purpose and, in the case of statistically significant results, a subsequent multivariate analysis was used to evaluate the incidence of occupational risk factors and nationality on the pathology diagnosed in conjunction with other confounding factors such as smoking habits and gender. The total sample consisted of 1090 subjects of both sexes. Risks were grouped into seven categories and diseases into 12 diagnostic groups. We analyzed the correlation between risks and diseases with respect to hospital outpatients and to the total sample then comparing Argentina and Italy's data. Results: Analysis of data revealed a higher prevalence of hypertension and dysmetabolic disorders for DSE (Display Screen Equipment) workers both in Italy and Argentina; however, multivariate analysis showed that smoking represents a confounding factor for this association. A higher prevalence of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) was found in the population samples of Rome and there appeared to be a correlation between eye disorders/defects and Argentine data source. Conclusions: Our study suggests the usefulness of collecting occupational anamnestic data from outpatient departments to highlight possible associations between occupational risks, lifestyles and pathologies, so as to implement the appropriate prevention strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-57
Number of pages8
JournalAnnali di igiene : medicina preventiva e di comunita
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Argentina
  • Italy
  • Occupational diseases
  • Outpatient departments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Italy and Argentina compared: An epidemiological study of occupational diseases'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this