Ivabradine in Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease: A Rationale for Use in Addition to and Beyond Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

C Godino, A Colombo, A Margonato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Heart rate is an established prognostic marker for longevity and is an important contributor in the pathophysiology of various cardiovascular diseases, including ischemic heart disease and heart failure. Most ischemic episodes are triggered by an increase in heart rate, which causes an imbalance between myocardial oxygen delivery and consumption. In addition, increased heart rate is a modifiable risk factor for chronic heart failure. Ivabradine, an inhibitor of If ion channels, is an approved second-line anti-ischemic drug for the treatment of angina. Ivabradine has been shown to decrease the risk of hospitalization in patients with chronic heart failure who were previously treated with β-blockers, renin-angiotensin system blockers or mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists. This review describes the rationale for the pathophysiological and clinical use of ivabradine as an anti-ischemic agent in patients with stable coronary disease and highlights its benefits and drawbacks compared with other first- and second-line anti-anginal drugs. The review also highlights the role of ivabradine as a treatment for patients with high-risk coronary artery disease in whom first-line anti-anginal drugs are insufficient or inadequate and percutaneous coronary intervention is contraindicated or revascularization is incomplete or unsuitable. © 2016 Springer International Publishing Switzerland
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-120
Number of pages16
JournalClinical Drug Investigation
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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