Purpose: Aim of this study was to identify preprocedural parameters, which may predict the application of a complex IVC filter retrieval technique and estimate the procedural outcome by applying two dedicated score systems. Materials and methods: In this retrospective multicenter analysis, data concerning patient, filter and procedure characteristics were retrieved from January 2018 to March 2020. Patients were evaluated according to the retrieval technique (standard vs. complex) and the procedural outcome (success vs. failure). Significant differences among these groups were evaluated, and two score systems were developed to predict the application of a complex retrieval technique and the procedural outcome. Results: One hundred and sixteen IVC filters were retrieved in 116 patients. In 98 subjects, the filter was retrieved with a standard procedure (Standard group, 84.5% vs. Complex group, 15.5%), while in 106 patients the procedure was successful (Success group, 91.4% vs. Failure group, 8.6%). Statistically significant differences were noted in terms of embedded filter hook, filter apex tilt, angle between filter axis and IVC, caval wall penetration, dwelling time and procedural time. Two score 0–5 points to predict the need for a complex retrieval technique and the procedural outcome were developed, with a prognostic accuracy of 88.8% and 91.4%, respectively. Conclusion: Significant differences were appreciable analyzing the sample data comparing both the retrieval technique applied and the procedural outcome. Two predictive scores were developed to assess the need for applying a complex retrieval technique and to estimate the procedural outcome.
- Complex technique
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging