Background: The aim of this study is to assess our experience and mid-term outcomes using Jetstream atherectomy system for treatment of femoropopliteal artery disease (FPAD). Methods: Data of 30 patients with FPAD treated at our center between 2013 and 2016 were analyzed. Two subgroups of patients were identified: Group A included patients (n = 18) with de novo lesions; Group B (n = 12) included those with in-stent restenosis. The primary study end points assessed were technical success, perioperative mortality, and major adverse event (MAE) rate at 30 days (distal embolization, major amputation, and target lesion revascularization). Other outcomes measured were survival, primary, and secondary patency, and freedom from amputation at 1 and 3 years of follow-up, respectively. Results: Technical success was 100% for both groups. The MAE rate was 8.7%. No distal filter was adopted during intervention. Angioplasty was associated with 93.3% of cases (93.3% vs. 100%; P = 0.15), drug-eluting balloon (DEB) in 12 cases (22.2% vs. 66.6%; P = 0.008), drug-eluting stent and bare metal implantation in 1 (5.6% vs. 0%; P = 1) and 4 cases (11.1% vs. 16.7%; P = 1), respectively. The cumulative primary and secondary patency rates were 75.1% and 95.5% at 1 year, and 70.4% and 84.8% at 3 years of follow-up, respectively. The survival and freedom from amputation were 96.4% and 85.8% at 1 and 3 years of follow-up, respectively. The freedom from target lesion revascularization was 91.7% and 83.4% at 1 and 3 years from intervention. Conclusions: The use of the Jetstream appears to be safe and feasible with no distal embolization and low rate perioperative complications. Moreover, encouraging outcomes were observed when atherectomy was associated to DEB angioplasty.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine