Job change in later life: A process of marginalization?

Martin Nekola, Andrea Principi, Michal Švarc, Markéta Nekolová, Deborah Smeaton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Adopting a longitudinal approach, this article examines downward occupational mobility (DOM) later in working life and its effects on job satisfaction and perceptions of working conditions of older workers in Europe. The main aim was to test whether the risk that workers will be negatively impacted and marginalized in the labor market due to demotion into lower quality jobs is offset by benefits. Based on an ordinal logistic regression of merged Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe and English Longitudinal Study of Ageing datasets, the study found a positive significant impact of DOM on overall job satisfaction. Moreover, DOM was associated with a statistically significant reduction in workload pressure, although it did increase physical work demand. This article adds to the literature on marginalization of workers with indications that the lower income and status associated with DOM at older ages may have offsetting benefits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-415
Number of pages13
JournalEducational Gerontology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 3 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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