Joubert syndrome (JS) is characterized by hypotonia, ataxia, developmental delay, and a typical neuroimaging finding, the socalled "molar tooth sign" (MTS). The association of MTS and polymicrogyria (PMG) has been reported as a distinct JS-related disorder (JSRD). So far, five patients have been reported with this phenotype, only two of them being siblings. We report on one additional family, describing a living childwith JS and PMG, and the corresponding neuropathological picture in the aborted brother. No mutations were detected in the AHI1 gene, the only so far associated with the JS+PMG phenotype. Moreover, linkage analysis allowed excluding all known gene loci, suggesting further genetic heterogeneity.
- Joubert syndrome
- Molar tooth sign
- Polymicrogyria neuropathology
ASJC Scopus subject areas