JS-K, a Novel Non-Ionic Diazeniumdiolate Derivative, Inhibits Hep 3B Hepatoma Cell Growth and Induces c-Jun Phosphorylation via Multiple MAP Kinase Pathways

Zhenggang Ren, Siddhartha Kar, Ziqiu Wang, Meifang Wang, Joseph E. Saavedra, Brian I. Carr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

JS-K, a non-ionic diazeniumdiolate derivative, is capable of arylating nucleophiles and spontaneously generating nitric oxide (NO) at physiological pH. This recently synthesized low molecular weight compound is shown here to be an inhibitor of cell growth with concomitant activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) members ERK, JNK, and p38 and their downstream effectors c-Jun and AP-1. Inhibitors of these MAPK pathways abrogated the growth inhibitory actions of JS-K. In addition to the well-described actions of JNK as a kinase for c-Jun, we show that c-Jun is also an ERK target. Furthermore, JS-K generated NO in culture and NO inhibitors antagonized both MAPK induction and the growth inhibitory effects of JS-K. These results suggest two possible mechanisms for the mediation of JS-K growth inhibitory actions, namely NO-induction of MAPK pathway constituents as well as possible arylation reactions. The data support the idea that prolonged MAPK activation by JS-K action is important in mediating its growth-inhibitory actions. JS-K thus represents a promising platform for novel growth inhibitory analog synthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)426-434
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume197
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Physiology

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