K65R mutation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase encodes cross-resistance to 9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)adenine

Z. Gu, H. Salomon, J. M. Cherrington, A. S. Mulato, M. S. Chen, R. Yarchoan, A. Foli, K. M. Sogocio, M. A. Wainberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cloned variants of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 that contain the K65R mutation in reverse transcriptase have previously been shown to display approximately 10- to 30-fold resistance against 2',3'-dideoxycytidine, 2',3'- dideoxyinosine, and 2',3'-dideoxy-3'-thiacytidine. On the basis of tissue culture studies with both primary T cells and established cell lines, we now report that the K65R mutation confers approximately 12- to 15-fold resistance to 9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)adenine (PMEA). Likewise, a chain termination system revealed that mutated recombinant K65R reverse transcriptase displays resistance to PMEA diphosphate, the active metabolite of PMEA, in cell-free enzyme assays. Parallel studies have shown that the M184V mutation in reverse transcriptase, associated with high-level resistance against the (-) enantiomer of 2',3'-dideoxy-3'-thiacytidine, does not confer resistance to PMEA in tissue culture. Viruses and enzymes that included both the K65R and M184V mutations were resistant to PMEA and PMEA diphosphate, respectively, but only to the extent conferred by the K65R mutation alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1888-1891
Number of pages4
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume39
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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    Gu, Z., Salomon, H., Cherrington, J. M., Mulato, A. S., Chen, M. S., Yarchoan, R., Foli, A., Sogocio, K. M., & Wainberg, M. A. (1995). K65R mutation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase encodes cross-resistance to 9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)adenine. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 39(8), 1888-1891.