KCTD1: A novel modulator of adipogenesis through the interaction with the transcription factor AP2α

Luciano Pirone, Giovanni Smaldone, Rosa Spinelli, Manlio Barberisi, Francesco Beguinot, Luigi Vitagliano, Claudia Miele, Sonia Di Gaetano, Gregory Alexander Raciti, Emilia Pedone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Adipogenesis has an important role in regulating energy balance, tissue homeostasis and disease pathogenesis. 3T3-L1 preadipocytes have been widely used as an in vitro model for studying adipocyte differentiation. We here show that KCTD1, a member of the potassium channel containing tetramerization domain proteins, plays an active role in adipogenesis. In particular, we show KCTD1 expression 3T3-L1 cells increases upon adipogenesis induction. Treatment of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes with Kctd1-specific siRNA inhibited the differentiation, as indicated by reduction of expression of the specific adipogenic markers C/ebpα, Pparγ2, Glut4, and Adiponectin. Moreover, we also show that the protein physically interacts with the transcription factor AP2α, a known inhibitor of adipogenesis, both in vitro and in cells. Interestingly, our data indicate that KCTD1 promotes adipogenesis through the interaction with AP2α and by removing it from the nucleus. Collectively, these findings disclose a novel role for KCTD1 and pave the way for novel strategies aimed at modulating adipogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number158514
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids
Volume1864
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Keywords

  • 3T3-L1 cells
  • Adipogenesis
  • AP2α
  • KCTD1
  • Preadipocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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