The signalling pathways leading to CXCL8/IL-8-induced human neutrophil migration have not been fully characterized. The present study demonstrates that CXCL8 induces tyrosine phosphorylation as well as enzymatic activity of proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (Pyk2), a non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase (PTK), in human neutrophils. Induction of Pyk2 tyrosine phosphorylation by CXCL8 is regulated by Src PTK activation, whereas it is unaffected by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activation. Inhibition of Pyk2 activation by PP1, a Src PTK inhibitor, is paralleled by the inhibition of CXCL8-mediated neutrophil chemotaxis. Among CXCL8 receptors, Src protein tyrosine kinase activation selectively regulates CXCR1-mediated polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) chemotaxis. Overexpression of PykM, the kinase-dead mutant of Pyk2, blocks CXCL8-induced chemotaxis of HL-60-derived PMN-like cells, thus pinpointing the key role of Pyk2 in CXCL8-induced chemotaxis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas