Kidney transplantation into bladder augmentation or urinary diversion: Long-term results

Waifro Rigamonti, Alfio Capizzi, Graziella Zacchello, Vincenzo Capizzi, Giovanni Franco Zanon, Giovanni Montini, Luisa Murer, Giacomo Passerini Glazel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. We report on a single-institutional experience with renal transplantation in patients with severe lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) who underwent bladder augmentation or urinary diversion, and assess the long-term results. Methods. From September 1987 to January 2005, 255 patients (161 male and 94 female), 7 months to 39 years old of age (median age at time of transplantation 14 years), received 271 kidney transplants. Etiology of end-stage renal disease was LUTD in 83 cases. Among these patients, 24 had undergone bladder augmentation or urinary diversion. Results. We identified two groups of patients surgically treated due to LUTD: group 1 included 16 patients (eight male, eight female) aged 4 to 39 years (median 19 years) with bladder augmentation, whereas in group 2, seven patients (five male, two female) 7 months to 31 years old (median 17 years) with incontinent urinary diversion were reported. In the first group, surgical complications after kidney transplantation included one urinary fistula, one ureteral stenosis. Three patients of second group developed recurrent urinary tract infection. Cumulative graft survival rates of all patients transplanted was 69.4% after 15 years, whereas in the two investigated groups, group 1 and group 2, was 80.7% and 55.5% respectively (P=NS.). Conclusions. Drainage of transplanted kidneys into an augmented bladder or urinary diversion is an appropriate management strategy when the native bladder is unsuitable. Kidney transplantation in patients with bladder augmentation or urinary diversion for LUTD let achieve similar results to those obtained in the general population with normal lower urinary tracts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1435-1440
Number of pages6
JournalTransplantation
Volume80
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2005

Keywords

  • Bladder augmentation
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Pediatric
  • Urinary diversion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation
  • Immunology

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    Rigamonti, W., Capizzi, A., Zacchello, G., Capizzi, V., Zanon, G. F., Montini, G., Murer, L., & Glazel, G. P. (2005). Kidney transplantation into bladder augmentation or urinary diversion: Long-term results. Transplantation, 80(10), 1435-1440. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.tp.0000174342.19265.f4