Kif13b Regulates PNS and CNS Myelination through the Dlg1 Scaffold

Roberta Noseda, Marta Guerrero-Valero, Valeria Alberizzi, Stefano C. Previtali, Diane L. Sherman, Marilena Palmisano, Richard L. Huganir, Klaus Armin Nave, Ana Cuenda, Maria Laura Feltri, Peter J. Brophy, Alessandra Bolino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Microtubule-based kinesin motors have many cellular functions, including the transport of a variety of cargos. However, unconventional roles have recently emerged, and kinesins have also been reported to act as scaffolding proteins and signaling molecules. In this work, we further extend the notion of unconventional functions for kinesin motor proteins, and we propose that Kif13b kinesin acts as a signaling molecule regulating peripheral nervous system (PNS) and central nervous system (CNS) myelination. In this process, positive and negative signals must be tightly coordinated in time and space to orchestrate myelin biogenesis. Here, we report that in Schwann cells Kif13b positively regulates myelination by promoting p38γ mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-mediated phosphorylation and ubiquitination of Discs large 1 (Dlg1), a known brake on myelination, which downregulates the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/v-AKT murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog (AKT) pathway. Interestingly, Kif13b also negatively regulates Dlg1 stability in oligodendrocytes, in which Dlg1, in contrast to Schwann cells, enhances AKT activation and promotes myelination. Thus, our data indicate that Kif13b is a negative regulator of CNS myelination. In summary, we propose a novel function for the Kif13b kinesin in glial cells as a key component of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, which controls myelination in both PNS and CNS.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1002440
JournalPLoS Biology
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 12 2016

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Noseda, R., Guerrero-Valero, M., Alberizzi, V., Previtali, S. C., Sherman, D. L., Palmisano, M., Huganir, R. L., Nave, K. A., Cuenda, A., Feltri, M. L., Brophy, P. J., & Bolino, A. (2016). Kif13b Regulates PNS and CNS Myelination through the Dlg1 Scaffold. PLoS Biology, 14(4), [e1002440]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002440