Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease in children: Two case reports and a review of the literature

Mara Lelii, Laura Senatore, Ilaria Amodeo, Raffaella Pinzani, Sara Torretta, Stefano Fiori, Paola Marchisio, Samantha Bosis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease is a rare, idiopathic and generally self-limiting cause of lymphadenitis of unknow etiology with a low recurrence rate. The typical clinical signs are cervical lymphadenopathy, fever, and symptoms of respiratory infection, and less frequently chills, night sweats, arthralgia, rash, and weight loss. Case presentation: Here we describe two case reports of Kikuchi Fujimoto disease presenting in Milan within the space of a few months. The first involved the recurrence of KFD in a young boy from Sri Lanka; the second was a rare case of severe KFD complicated by HLH. Conclusions: Pediatricians must consider KFD in the differential diagnosis of fever of unknown origin in children, even in western countries. Although rare, recurrence and severe complications are possible. Where symptoms suggest KFD, a systematic diagnostic approach is key. Since no guidelines on the management of KFD are available, further studies should be conducted to investigate the therapeutic options and long term outcome in children.

Original languageEnglish
Article number83
JournalItalian Journal of Pediatrics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 18 2018


  • Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis
  • HLH
  • Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease
  • Lymphadenitis
  • Persistent fever
  • Recurrent lymphadenitis
  • Relapsing Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease in children: Two case reports and a review of the literature'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this