In recent years research into joint physiology and biomechanics of movement has employed high-technology instruments to quantify the parameters which determine whether the behavior of a joint or kinematic chain is normal or pathologic. Motion analysis, featuring evaluation of both kinematics and the foot-ground reaction, enables us to measure the temporal and quantitative events of normal and pathologic gaits. The use of motion analysis in the study of flat foot has confirmed the ability to discriminate between "normal" and pathologic. Analysis of these themes has enabled us to follow the temporal evolution of the quantitative parameters both before and after treatment, which can be either surgical or conservative. Evaluation of the kinematic changes and the foot-ground reaction also provides information about the quality and effectiveness of the corrective treatment. For instance, the change in the subtalar alignment following application of an endo-orthotic implant can be targeted for validation by motion analysis. All of the joints comprised in the kinematic chain of the lower limb work together to achieve a symmetrical, rhythmic, and most of all harmonic gait.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Italian Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas