Kinematic correlates of walking cadence in the foot

Paolo Caravaggi, Alberto Leardini, Robin Crompton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Evidence has frequently been reported of modifications in gait patterns within the lower limb related to the cadence of walking. Most reports have concerned relationships between cadence and kinematic and the kinetic changes occurring in the main joints and muscles of the lower limb as a whole. The aim of the present study was to assess whether significant changes are also measurable in kinematics of the foot segments. An existing 15 marker-set protocol allowed a four-segment foot and shank model to be defined for relative rotations between the segments to be calculated. Stereophotogrammetry was employed to record marker position data from ten subjects walking at three cadences. The slow- and normal cadence datasets showed similar profiles of joint rotation in three anatomical planes, but significant differences were found between these and the fast cadence. At all joints, frame-by-frame statistical analysis revealed increased dorsiflexion from heel-strike to midstance (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2425-2433
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume43
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010

Keywords

  • Joints of the foot
  • Motion analysis
  • Multisegment foot kinematics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation

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