Kinematics and Dynamics

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Behaving adaptively under novel and changing circumstances requires learning. Motor learning involves changing the neuronal control system to compensate for novel perturbations in the body and in the environment and to perform new skilled movements. To achieve a goal, the control system must map sensory input into motor output through kinematic and dynamic transformations. Focusing on reaching, recent experiments have investigated the changes in the kinematic and dynamic transformations during the compensation of perturbations and the acquisition of skills involving altered visual feedback and forces. The neural correlates of these changes are also beginning to be uncovered.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Neuroscience
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages271-279
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9780080450469
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Coriolis force
  • Motor cortex
  • Prism
  • Reaching
  • Recalibration
  • Sensorimotor transformation
  • Skill learning
  • Viscous force field
  • Visuomotor rotation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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  • Cite this

    d'Avella, A. (2010). Kinematics and Dynamics. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 271-279). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.01324-3