Kounis syndrome due to antibiotics: A global overview from pharmacovigilance databases

Francesca Renda, Elena Marotta, Giovanni Landoni, Alessandro Belletti, Virginia Cuconato, Luca Pani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Kounis syndrome (KS) is characterized by concurrent presence of anaphylactic and cardiac components. Available evidence suggests that antibiotics are frequently associated to KS. We therefore analyzed KS cases associated with antibiotics use from the two largest pharmacovigilance databases. Methods Two pharmacovigilance databases, EudraVigilance and VigiLyze, were searched for cases reporting the adverse reaction “Kounis Syndrome” with antibiotics as suspected active substance. We analyzed the period from December 1st, 2001 to February 16th, 2016. For the most reported active substance, proportional reporting ratio (PRR) was calculated. Results A total of 10 cases of KS associated with antibiotic use were retrieved from EudraVigilance database. Mean patients' age was 58.2 years and 70% were male. The most frequently reported suspected antibiotic was the combination amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (four cases). VigiLyze database reported 13 KS cases associated to antibiotics. Mean age was 56 years and 61% of patients were male. The most frequently reported antibiotic was again the combination amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (five cases). Seven duplicate cases were identified, leaving a total of 16 cases of KS, with six of them associated to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid use. The PRR value for amoxicillin/clavulanic acid against other kinds of antibiotics was 2.62 considering EudraVigilance data and 1.61 considering VigiLyze data. Conclusions This analysis provided a complete picture of the cases of KS associated with antibiotic use and identified a possible association between amoxicillin/clavulanic acid and KS. Since the number of cases is low, especially considering its wide use, further analyses are needed to confirm the association.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)406-411
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume224
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Antibiotics
  • Coronary vasospasm
  • Drug hypersensitivity
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Rare diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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