We assessed the contribution of the serum homocysteine (Hcy) level, an independent risk factor for vascular disease, and methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene polymorphism to the variability of intimal-medial thickness (IMT) of the common carotid artery in middle-aged non-insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) subjects. One hundred thirty NIDDM patients (60 males and 70 females) with a mean age of 53 ± 10 years and a mean diabetes duration of 11.3 ± 7.9 years were enrolled for the study. Exclusion criteria included liver, heart, kidney, or other major-organ disease. Fasting total serum Hcy, folate, and vitamin B12 and clinical chemistry analyte levels were measured. MTHFR polymorphism was determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). IMT and plaques or stenosis in the common carotid were measured by ultrasonography. Serum Hcy was inversely correlated with vitamin levels and was slightly higher in subjects with the Val/Val genotype versus Ala/Val and Ala/Ala (P = .02); no differences in genotype were found in subjects with folate or vitamin B12 at or above the median level. In univariate analysis, common carotid IMT was significantly associated with age (P = .00001), the body mass index ([BMI] P = .0003), uric acid (P = .004), systolic blood pressure (P = .03), glycemia (P = .03), and total cholesterol (P = .04). No significant association was found between serum Hcy or MTHFR polymorphism and IMT. In multiple regression analysis, age (P = .0001), uric acid (P = .03), glycemia, and the BMI (P = .05) were independently associated with IMT and explained about 42% of IMT variability. In 130 NIDDM patients without nephropathy, basal levels of serum Hcy, as well as MTHFR polymorphism, did not predict significant changes in common carotid IMT. Copyright (C) 2000 by W.B. Saunders Company.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism