Germline CD95 (also known as FAS, APT1 and APO1) gene mutations have been associated with benign lymphoproliferative diseases and autoimmune processes. Somatic mutations have been reported in human tumours, including lymphomas. Since marginal zone B cell lymphomas usually arise in a background of chronic inflammation, often of autoimmune origin, we searched for CD95 gene mutations in an unselected series of marginal zone B cell lymphomas. The CD95/FAS full coding region, comprising exon-intron junctions, was amplified from genomic DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in 10 separate reactions. PCR products were analysed by single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and visualised by silver staining. Bands exhibiting an altered electrophoretic mobility were sequenced. Twenty-seven cases of marginal zone B cell lymphomas of whom fresh or frozen tumour material was available (18 extranodal, five splenic and four nodal) were studied. Previously described silent polymorphisms in exons 7 (C836T) and 3 (T416C) were detected in 42% and in 19% of the cases, respectively. One silent T-to-A substitution at bp 431, within exon 3, was found in one case. Our results did not reveal the presence of CD95 somatic mutations in unselected cases of marginal zone B cell lymphomas. On the basis of our data, we cannot rule out that other genes coding for proteins involved in the CD95-induced apoptotic pathway might be altered. However, this pathway does not seem to play an important role in the pathogenesis of these lymphoma subtypes.
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
- Marginal zone B cell lymphoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research