Lack of Correlation between Liver Tests Abnormalities and Trabectedin Efficacy in the Treatment of Soft Tissue Sarcoma: A Retrospective Study

Bruno Vincenzi, Luciano Stumbo, Giuseppina Maltese, Linda Cerbone, Mariella Spalato Ceruso, Giuseppe Badalamenti, Daniele Santini, Giuseppe Tonini, Anna Maria Frezza, Delia De Lisi, Marianna Silletta

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Abstract

Elevation in liver transaminases is common in patients treated with the marine antitumor agent trabectedin. However, the impact of trabectedin-related transaminase elevations on treatment outcomes is unclear. This retrospective study investigated the correlation between liver tests abnormalities and treatment outcomes in patients with unresectable advanced or metastatic soft tissue sarcomas (STS) treated with trabectedin 1.5 mg/m2 once every 3 weeks at three reference centers in Italy. The effect of grade 3/4 elevations in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) during the first two cycles and at any time during trabectedin treatment on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed. Liver tests abnormalities during the first two cycles of chemotherapy or at any time during trabectedin treatment did not significantly affect PFS or OS. Nor were survival outcomes significantly different in the subgroups of patients with or without ALT/AST increases or with ALT/AST elevations ≥15 × the upper limit of normal (ULN) versus those with ALT/AST elevation

Original languageEnglish
Article number12077
JournalScientific Reports
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 3 2015

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Vincenzi, B., Stumbo, L., Maltese, G., Cerbone, L., Spalato Ceruso, M., Badalamenti, G., Santini, D., Tonini, G., Frezza, A. M., De Lisi, D., & Silletta, M. (2015). Lack of Correlation between Liver Tests Abnormalities and Trabectedin Efficacy in the Treatment of Soft Tissue Sarcoma: A Retrospective Study. Scientific Reports, 5, [12077]. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep12077