Recently it has been stated that in dogs absence of arrhythmias during coronary artery occlusion identifies a subgroup at almost no risk for developing ventricular fibrillation (VF) during reperfusion. A potential implication would be that prevention of ischemic arrhythmias may also prevent the most severe reperfusion arrhythmias. This concept is at variance with available clinical evidence. In order to reexamine this problem the left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded for 20 minutes in 41 anesthetized cats; the incidence and type of arrhythmias during occlusion and during the first minute of reperfusion were analyzed. Five animals had VF during occlusion and were not resuscitated. Twenty animals had ischemic arrhythmias, and among them the incidence of reperfusion VF was 50%. Sixteen animals did not have ischemic arrhythmias, but they did have a very similar incidence of reperfusion VF (44%). Thus, in this feline preparation, absence of ischemic arrhythmias did not help to predict a favorable outcome at the moment of reperfusion. This disparity with previous studies does not depend on the protocol used, but it may be partly due to species difference. These results demonstrate a lack of correlation between reperfusion VF and ischemic arrhythmias and provide further support for the concept of different mechanisms involved in occlusion and reperfusion arrhythmias.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine