Lack of glomerular hemodynamic stimulation after infusion of branched-chain amino acids

A. Claris-Appiani, B. M. Assael, A. S. Tirelli, G. Marra, G. Cavanna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Renal hemodynamics (Inutest, CPAH) were studied in five adult volunteers infused on separate occasions with branched-chain amino acids (BCAA), a mixture of nonessential and essential amino acids of the same volume, osmolality and nitrogen content, and 0.9% saline solution. BCAA infusion caused moderate renal vasoconstriction, a slight increase of GFR and a progressive rise of the filtration fraction (FF), whereas the amino acids mixture induced a significantly higher increase of GFR and a state of renal vasodilation without altering he FF. The volume expansion with 0.9% saline did not cause any notable hemodynamic modification except for reduced FF. This study demonstrates that whereas a state of hyperfiltration and hyperemia is specifically induced by an amino acid mixture independently of volume expansion and osmolar load, the administration of BCAA provides nitrogen without renal hemodynamic stimulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-94
Number of pages4
JournalKidney International
Volume33
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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    Claris-Appiani, A., Assael, B. M., Tirelli, A. S., Marra, G., & Cavanna, G. (1988). Lack of glomerular hemodynamic stimulation after infusion of branched-chain amino acids. Kidney International, 33(1), 91-94.