Lack of sodium channel mutation in an Italian family with paramyotonia congenita

S. Sampaolo, A. A. Puca, V. Nigro, V. Cappa, V. Sannino, G. Sanges, V. Bonavita, G. Di Iorio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To conduct the genotype-phenotype correlation in a family in which several individuals share clinical and electrophysiologic features of paramyotonia congenita (PC). Background: PC, hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (HyperPP), and potassium-aggravated myotonias form the group of hereditary sodium channelopathies. Each of these disorders is associated with different point mutations in SCN4A, the gene encoding the α-subunit of the adult human skeletal muscle sodium channel. However, in HyperPP families, evidence of a causative gene different from SCN4A has been found. Methods: We conducted direct clinical examination, electrophysiologic (EMG/electroneurographic) and cardiologic studies, as well as laboratory screening in several affected and nonaffected members of the family. We performed the genotype-phenotype correlation by microsatellite linkage and cDNA-mutation analyses of the SCN4A gene. Results: Affected members in this family showed clinical and electrophysiologic features typical of PC. The disease phenotype segregated with the chromosomal region that includes the SCN4A gene. Analysis of the entire cDNA sequence of the SCN4A gene in the index case disclosed a G3826A transition, which results in the Val1276Ile substitution. However, PCR - single-stranded confirmation polymorphism and direct sequencing analysis of the segment coding for Val-1276 on genomic DNA confirmed the G3826A transition in the index case but was negative in 11 affected members of the family; however, neither mutations nor aberrant splicings causative of the PC phenotype in this family were found on SCN4A. Conclusion: The existence of a second gene different from SCN4A that can give rise to a clinical PC phenotype can be speculated upon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1549-1555
Number of pages7
JournalNeurology
Volume53
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Oct 22 1999

Keywords

  • cDNA analysis
  • Paramyotonia congenita
  • SCN4A gene
  • Sodium channelopathies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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