Lack of vasoactive intestinal peptide-releasing property in prolactin cells from ovariectomized rats: Contribution of post-transductional impairments

M. Pizzi, V. Arrighi, P. Galli, M. Memo, P. F. Spano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We have demonstrated recently that in menopausal women and in ovariectomized rats the deficiency of circulating oestrogens impairs vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) efficacy in stimulating prolactin (PRL) release. The present study was designed to investigate whether the lack of VIP-induced PRL release after ovariectomy is a consequence of a defect at the receptor-transductional or post-transductional level. For this purpose we evaluated the VIP receptor function, by measuring VIP-stimulated cyclic adenosine monophosphate (AMP) formation, and the efficacy of the cyclic AMP-dependent PRL release in pituitary cells from control and ovariectomized animals. We observed that VIP induced a significantly higher stimulation of adenylate cyclase in pituitary homogenates from ovariectomized rats than in those from control animals. This effect appeared to be linked to an increased efficiency of the G(s) coupling protein, because superimposable results were obtained by using the non-hydrolysable guanosine triphosphate (GTP) analogue, 5-guanylylimidodiphosphate. On the contrary, the cyclic AMP analogue, 8-Br-cAMP, that potently stimulated PRL release from control pituitary cells was completely ineffective in cells from ovariectomized rats. The present data indicate that in PRL-secreting cells from ovariectomized rats a defect in the post-transductional mechanism that couples the VIP receptor to PRL secretion, rather than a reduction of receptor function, possibly accounts for the lack of VIP efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-365
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Endocrinology
Volume130
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Lack of vasoactive intestinal peptide-releasing property in prolactin cells from ovariectomized rats: Contribution of post-transductional impairments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this