Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) response to first-line treatment predicts survival in metastatic breast cancer: First clues for a cost-effective and dynamic biomarker

Giacomo Pelizzari, Debora Basile, Silvia Zago, Camilla Lisanti, Michele Bartoletti, Lucia Bortot, Maria Grazia Vitale, Valentina Fanotto, Serena Barban, Marika Cinausero, Marta Bonotto, Lorenzo Gerratana, Mauro Mansutti, Francesco Curcio, Gianpiero Fasola, Alessandro Marco Minisini, Fabio Puglisi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Elevated plasmatic lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels are associated with worse prognosis in various malignancies, including metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Nevertheless, no data are available on the prognostic role of LDH as a dynamic biomarker during first-line treatment in unselected MBC. Methods: We reviewed data of 392 women with MBC to evaluate the association between LDH variation after 12 weeks of first-line treatment and survival. The prognostic impact was tested by multivariate Cox regression analysis. Results: Plasmatic LDH was confirmed as an independent prognostic factor in MBC. Patients who maintained elevated LDH levels after 12 weeks of first-line treatment experienced worse progression-free survival (PFS, HR 2.88, 95% CI: 1.40-5.89, p = 0.0038) and overall survival (OS, HR 2.61, 95% CI 1.16-5.86, p = 0.02) compared to patients with stable normal LDH levels, even after adjustment for other prognostic factors. Notably, LDH low-to-high variation emerged as an unfavorable prognostic factor for PFS (HR 3.96, 95% CI 2.00-7.82, p = 0.0001). Conclusions: Plasmatic LDH and its variation during first-line treatment predict PFS and OS in MBC, providing independent prognostic information. It would be worthwhile to prospectively evaluate the association between LDH variation and therapeutic benefit in MBC, and explore how it may affect treatment strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1243
Number of pages13
JournalCancers
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

Keywords

  • Lactate dehydrogenase
  • LDH
  • Metastatic breast cancer
  • Monitoring metastatic breast cancer
  • Serum biomarker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) response to first-line treatment predicts survival in metastatic breast cancer: First clues for a cost-effective and dynamic biomarker'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this