Language in Italian Children With Down Syndrome and With Specific Language Impairment

Maria Cristina Caselli, Laura Monaco, Manuela Trasciani, Stefano Vicari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article compares lexical and grammatical abilities of a mental-age-matched sample of Italian preschoolers with Down syndrome (DS), specific language impairment (SLI), or typical development. Results showed that the children with DS or with SLI performed significantly worse than did the typically developing children. Although no significant differences emerged in lexical abilities and morphosyntactic comprehension abilities between the children with DS or with SLI, significant differences did emerge in morphosyntactic production capacities. Qualitative analysis of the morphosyntactic errors revealed strong similarities between the two groups. The results are discussed in terms of the role of verbal memory abilities and the linguistic features of Italian.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-35
Number of pages9
JournalNeuropsychology
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008

Keywords

  • lexical repertoire
  • morphosyntactic difficulties
  • nonverbal cognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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