Laparoscopic antireflux surgery vs esomeprazole treatment for chronic GERD: The LOTUS randomized clinical trial

Jean Paul Galmiche, Jan Hatlebakk, Stephen Attwood, Christian Ell, Roberto Fiocca, Stefan Eklund, Göran Långström, Tore Lind, Lars Lundell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Context: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic, relapsing disease with symptoms that have negative effects on daily life. Two treatment options are longterm medication or surgery. Objective: To evaluate optimized esomeprazole therapy vs standardized laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) in patients with GERD. Design, Setting, and Participants: The LOTUS trial, a 5-year exploratory randomized, open, parallel-group trial conducted in academic hospitals in 11 European countries between October 2001 and April 2009 among 554 patients with well-established chronic GERD who initially responded to acid suppression. A total of 372 patients (esomeprazole, n=192; LARS, n=180) completed 5-year follow-up. Interventions: Two hundred sixty-six patients were randomly assigned to receive esomeprazole, 20 to 40 mg/d, allowing for dose adjustments; 288 were randomly assigned to undergo LARS, of whom 248 actually underwent the operation. Main Outcome Measure: Time to treatment failure (for LARS, defined as need for acid suppressive therapy; for esomeprazole, inadequate symptom control after dose adjustment), expressed as estimated remission rates and analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Estimated remission rates at 5 years were 92% (95% confidence interval [CI], 89%-96%) in the esomeprazole group and 85% (95% CI, 81%-90%) in the LARS group (log-rank P=.048). The difference between groups was no longer statistically significant following best-case scenario modeling of the effects of study dropout. The prevalence and severity of symptoms at 5 years in the esomeprazole and LARS groups, respectively, were 16% and 8% for heartburn (P=.14), 13% and 2% for acid regurgitation (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1969-1977
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Medical Association
Volume305
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 18 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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