Laparoscopic compared with open d2 gastrectomy on perioperative and long‐term, stage‐stratified oncological outcomes for gastric cancer: A propensity score‐matched analysis of the imigastric database

Stefano Trastulli, Jacopo Desiderio, Jian Xian Lin, Daniel Reim, Chao Hui Zheng, Felice Borghi, Fabio Cianchi, Enrique Norero, Ninh T. Nguyen, Feng Qi, Andrea Coratti, Maurizio Cesari, Francesca Bazzocchi, Orhan Alimoglu, Steven T. Brower, Graziano Pernazza, Simone D’imporzano, Juan Santiago Azagra, Yan Bing Zhou, Shou Gen CaoEleonora Garofoli, Claudia Mosillo, Francesco Guerra, Tong Liu, Giacomo Arcuri, Paulina González, Fabio Staderini, Alessandra Marano, Irene Terrenato, Vito D’andrea, Sergio Bracarda, Chang Ming Huang, Amilcare Parisi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The laparoscopic approach in gastric cancer surgery is being increasingly adopted worldwide. However, studies focusing specifically on laparoscopic gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy are still lacking in the literature. This retrospective study aimed to compare the short‐term and long‐term outcomes of laparoscopic versus open gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy for gastric cancer. Methods: The protocol‐based, international IMIGASTRIC (International study group on Minimally Invasive surgery for Gastric Cancer) registry was queried to retrieve data on patients undergoing laparoscopic or open gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy for gastric cancer with curative intent from January 2000 to December 2014. Eleven predefined, demographical, clinical, and pathological variables were used to conduct a 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM) analysis to investigate intraoperative and recovery outcomes, complications, pathological findings, and survival data between the two groups. Predictive factors of long‐term survival were also assessed. Results: A total of 3033 patients from 14 participating institutions were selected from the IMIGASTRIC database. After 1:1 PSM, a total of 1248 patients, 624 in the laparoscopic group and 624 in the open group, were matched and included in the final analysis. The total operative time (median 180 versus 240 min, p < 0.0001) and the length of the postoperative hospital stay (median 10 versus 14.8 days, p < 0.0001) were longer in the open group than in the laparoscopic group. The conversion to open rate was 1.9%. The proportion of patients with in‐hospital complications was higher in the open group (21.3% versus 15.1%, p = 0.004). The median number of harvested lymph nodes was higher in the laparoscopic approach (median 32 versus 28, p < 0.0001), and the proportion of positive resection margins was higher (p = 0.021) in the open group (5.9%) than in the laparoscopic group (3.2%). There was no significant difference between the groups in five‐year overall survival rates (77.4% laparoscopic versus 75.2% open, p = 0.229). Conclusion: The adoption of the laparoscopic approach for gastric resection with D2 lymphadenectomy shortened the length of hospital stay and reduced postoperative complications with respect to the open approach. The five‐year overall survival rate after laparoscopy was comparable to that for patients who underwent open D2 resection. The types of surgical approaches are not independent predictive factors for five‐year overall survival.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4526
JournalCancers
Volume13
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Gastric cancer
  • Laparoscopy
  • Minimally invasive surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Laparoscopic compared with open d2 gastrectomy on perioperative and long‐term, stage‐stratified oncological outcomes for gastric cancer: A propensity score‐matched analysis of the imigastric database'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this