Laparoscopic fertility-sparing surgery for early stage ovarian cancer: A single-centre case series and systematic literature review

Antonella Cromi, Giorgio Bogani, Stefano Uccella, Jvan Casarin, Maurizio Serati, Fabio Ghezzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: There is as yet limited evidence about fertility-sparing surgery for early ovarian cancer (EOC) carried out laparoscopically. We sought to analyze recurrence patterns and fertility outcome in a cohort of ovarian cancer patients who underwent fertility-saving laparoscopic surgical staging. Methods. We conducted a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on all patients undergoing fertility-sparing laparoscopic staging procedures for presumed EOC at a single gynecologic oncology service. Oncologic safety and reproductive outcome were the main outcome measures. The pertinent literature is reviewed. Results: The study cohort consisted of 12 women. Cases included 5 invasive epithelial tumors and 7 nonepithelial tumors. The disease was reclassified to a higher stage in one woman. After a median follow up period of 38 months (range: 14-108), the overall survival was 100% and recurrence-free survival 90.9%. Five (100%) of patients who attempted pregnancy conceived spontaneously. Three of them had uneventful term pregnancy delivering healthy babies. The literature search yielded 62 cases of laparoscopic fertility conserving surgery for ovarian cancer. There were 4 (6.2%) recurrences. Cumulative pregnancy and live birth rate were not estimable as earlier publications lack essential data. Conclusions: Laparoscopic staging may represent a viable option for premenopausal women seeking fertility preservation in the setting of early ovarian cancer. More research is needed to determine whether laparoscopy may offer reproductive benefits to this particular population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number59
JournalJournal of Ovarian Research
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 29 2014

Fingerprint

Ovarian Neoplasms
Fertility
Recurrence
Fertility Preservation
Pregnancy
Survival
Pregnancy Rate
Laparoscopy
Neoplasms
Cohort Studies
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Safety
Research
Population

Keywords

  • Fertility-sparing
  • Laparoscopy
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Pregnancy
  • Staging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Laparoscopic fertility-sparing surgery for early stage ovarian cancer : A single-centre case series and systematic literature review. / Cromi, Antonella; Bogani, Giorgio; Uccella, Stefano; Casarin, Jvan; Serati, Maurizio; Ghezzi, Fabio.

In: Journal of Ovarian Research, Vol. 7, No. 1, 59, 29.05.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cromi, Antonella ; Bogani, Giorgio ; Uccella, Stefano ; Casarin, Jvan ; Serati, Maurizio ; Ghezzi, Fabio. / Laparoscopic fertility-sparing surgery for early stage ovarian cancer : A single-centre case series and systematic literature review. In: Journal of Ovarian Research. 2014 ; Vol. 7, No. 1.
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