Background: Neurologically impaired children (NIC) have a high risk of recurrence of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) following fundoplication. A postpyloric feeding tube may be useful when gastric emptying disorders occur; however, dislocation and difficulty in feeding management often require more aggressive procedures. Total esophagogastric dissociation (Bianchi's TEGD) is an alternative to the classic fundoplication procedure, whereas laparoscopic gastric bypass is a frequently performed procedure in morbid obesity, improving gastric outlet. Aim: The aim of this paper is to present a preliminary experience on the laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastrojejunal bypass, associated with Nissen fundoplication and gastrostomy, to treat and prevent GER in NIC with gastric emptying disorders. Materials and Methods: Eight neurologically impaired children underwent surgical treatment because of feeding problems and pulmonary complications. The procedure included: 1) hiatoplasty, 2) Nissen fundoplication, 3) 20-cm Roux-en-Y gastrojejunal anastomosis and jejuno-jejunal anastomosis, and 4) gastrostomy. Results: All cases were fed on postoperative day 3 without any intraoperative complications. One case developed an obstruction of the distal anastomosis due to adhesion and needed reoperation. Outcome was clinically evaluated with serial upper gastrointestinal contrast studies and endoscopies. Conclusions: Laparoscopic proximal Roux-en-Y gastrojejunal diversion, without gastric resection, is a safe, feasible procedure that improves gastric emptying and reduces the risk of GER recurrence. Yet, long-term results still have to be evaluated.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2009|
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