PURPOSE: Our study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and outcome of laparoscopic excision of deep pelvic endometriosis with extensive rectal involvement causing severe symptoms. METHODS: Ten patients, mean age 32 years (range, 27Y43), with deep pelvic endometriosis and rectal wall involvement, requiring surgical resection, were studied since January 2004. Prior to surgery and 6 months postsurgery, patients completed a 100-point rank questionnaire on intensity of intestinal and extraintestinal symptoms. A laparoscopic approach was performed by a team of a gynecologist and colorectal surgeons. RESULTS: At surgery, complete excision of infiltrating endometriosis was achieved, with 7 low rectal resections, 2 rectosigmoid resections, and 1 proctectomy with coloanal anastomosis. Additional procedures were: ureter resections (n = 2) with one reimplantation in the bladder, left ovariectomies (n = 2), ovarian endometrioma resections (n = 4), and laser ablation of superficial peritoneal lesions (n = 4). In four cases, a laparotomic conversion was needed. Mean follow-up was 27.6 months (range, 18Y37). Neither intraoperative nor postoperative serious complications were observed. All the patients experienced significant improvement of intestinal and extraintestinal symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic resection of deep pelvic endometriosis with rectal involvement can be successful in improving digestive and gynecologic symptoms; however, this approach is challenging with a high rate of laparotomic conversion.
- Deep pelvic endometriosis
- Laparoscopic rectal resection
- Rectal endometriosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas