The possibilities of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of functional esophageal diseases (gastroesophageal reflux, achalasia and epiphrenic diverticula) are illustrated with special emphasis on the technical aspects, including intraoperative complications and postoperative care. Results are discussed on the ground of the following experience. Thirty-seven laparoscopic fundoplications were performed with 13% conversion rate, 2.7% postoperative morbidity (1 slipped Nissen requiring redo laparoscopic surgery). Median operative time was 140 min. One patient complained of dysphagia relieved by endoscopic dilation (2.7%). All patients are now asymptomatic after a median follow-up of 16 months although one has gastroesophageal reflux (GER) at 24-hrs pH monitoring. Forty laparoscopic Heller-Dor procedures: 7% conversions, 5% postoperative morbidity. Median duration 120 min. One patient complained of persistent dysphagia requiring endoscopic dilation (2.5%) and asymptomatic GER was detected in 8% of patients. Finally, 2 patients underwent laparoscopic diverticulectomy, esophagomyotomy and Dor fundoplication without morbidity and excellent postoperative result. Laparoscopic treatment of functional diseases of the esophagus is safe and effective, provided it is performed by an experienced surgeon with respect for some important technical details. Further follow-up is needed to evaluate long-term results.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
- Epiphrenic diverticula
- Gastroesophageal reflux
ASJC Scopus subject areas