Large and dissimilar repertoire of Melan-A/MART-1-specific CTL in metastatic lesions and blood of a melanoma patient

Susanna Mandruzzato, Elisabetta Rossi, Fabiola Bernardi, Valeria Tosello, Beatrice Macino, Giuseppe Basso, Vanna Chiarion-Sileni, Carlo Riccardo Rossi, Cristina Montesco, Paola Zanovello

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Abstract

It is widely accepted that the repertoire of Melan-A-specific T cells naturally selected in melanoma patients is diverse and mostly nonoverlapping among different individuals. To date, however, no studies have addressed the TCR profile in different tumor sites and the peripheral blood from the same patient. We compared the TCR usage of Melan-A-specific T cells from different compartments of a single melanoma patient to evaluate possible clonotype expansion or preferential homing over a 4-mo follow-up period. Using HLA-A2 peptide tetramers, CD8+ T cells recognizing the modified Melan-A immunodominant ELAGIGILTV peptide were isolated from four metastatic lesions resected from a single melanoma patient, and their TCR repertoire was studied. A panel of T cell clones was generated by cell cloning of tetramer-positive cells. Analysis of the TCR β-chain V segment and the complementarity-determining region 3 (CDR3) length and sequence revealed a large diversity in the TCR repertoire, with only some of the clones showing a partial conservation in the CDR3. A similar degree of diversity was found by analyzing a number of T cell clones obtained after sorting a Melan-A-specific population derived from PBLs of the same patient after in vitro culture with the immunodominant epitope. Moreover, clonotypes found at one site were not present in another, suggesting the lack of expansion and circulation of one or more clonotypes. Taken together, these results buttress the notion that the CTLs recognizing the immunodominant Ag of Melan-A comprise a high number of different clonotypic TCR, of which only some exhibit common features in the CDR3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4017-4024
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume169
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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