Laser and radiofrequency ablations for benign and malignant thyroid tumors

Giovanni Mauri, Nicolò Gennaro, Min Kyoung Lee, Jung Hwan Baek

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


A growing body of evidence is being published regarding the safety and efficacy of minimally invasive image-guided ablation techniques. While clinical applications of these techniques are increasing, international societies have started to publish treatment guidelines and to make efforts to standardize both terminology and reporting criteria for image-guided thyroid ablations. Laser ablation and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) are among the most common ablation techniques either for benign and malignant thyroid nodules. Unlike laser ablation and RFA in the treatment of benign thyroid nodules, where safety and efficacy have been widely demonstrated, evidence regarding local tumor control of thyroid malignancies is still limited. However, preliminary results are encouraging and image-guided thermal ablation techniques can be considered a valid alternative to surgery for the treatment of benign thyroid nodules and recurrent thyroid cancers. This review evaluates the basic concept of RFA and laser ablations, their techniques, clinical outcomes, and complications based on the suggestions of several society guidelines. Multidisciplinary collaboration remains critical to identify patients which may benefit from minimally invasive image-guided thermal ablations, especially if surgery or radioiodine therapy are not feasible options.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-20
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Hyperthermia
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2019


  • benign nodule
  • laser ablation
  • malignant nodule
  • RFA
  • Thyroid ablation
  • thyroid cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cancer Research


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